The Impact of Oil Installations on The Rural Development and Environment A Case Study of Taq Taq Oil Field

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Rostam S. Aziz
Bahra R. Othman
Ganjo Kh. Muhammed
Loghman Khodakarami

Abstract

There is no doubt that oil is considered a strategic commodity for producing and exporting. It is been experienced that oil is an important means to achieve economic growth. The oil industries encounter conflicts such as widespread environmental issues, human displacement, and inadequate compensation for losses imposed in the oil-producing communities, and inadequate community level involvement. These are leading to alienation between states and the indigenous population. The aim of the current research is to investigate the impacts of oil field development for rural areas, having Taq-Taq Oil Field in Kurdistan Region Iraq (KRG) as a case study. The research project was conducted in the form of a survey study. The population of the study included the rural residents in six villages around the field. The necessary data for this research was collected squarely 48 samples. Rural residents in the study area were taken using a random sampling method. The reliability of the questionnaire was calculated by Cronbach alpha coefficient for different sections. After conducting a pilot study for each structure respectively calculated: economic infrastructural, social, cultural, and environmental factors. The results of factor analysis showed that the negative and positive impacts of oil industry development occurred in the rural area. In this case study, a variance of %64 explained for entire factors included: infrastructural, social, cultural, economic, and environmental.

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How to Cite
Aziz, R. S., Othman, B. R., Muhammed, G. K. and Khodakarami, L. (2021) “The Impact of Oil Installations on The Rural Development and Environment: A Case Study of Taq Taq Oil Field”, Koya University Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 4(1), pp. 1-6. doi: 10.14500/kujhss.v4n1y2021.pp1-6.
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Articles
Author Biography

Rostam S. Aziz, Department of Geography, Faculty of Education, Koya University, Kurdistan region, Iraq

Rostam is an Assistant Lecturer of Human Geography in the Department of Geography, where he joined the work at Koya University in 2006. He gained a B.Sc. degree in Geography from Salahaddin University in 1993, since 1993 – 2004 Appointed as a teacher and senior assistant in secondary school, Koya. He obtained an M.Sc. degree in rural geography from Koya University in 2006.Obtained Ph.D. degree in Urban geography (Koya University) in June 2013.Obtained Assistant Prof. in Aug 2017

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