Halliday’s Interpersonal Meta-function Analysis of Entrepreneur’s Public Speech in English and Central Kurdish A Comparative Study

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Hawsar A. Shekhani
Jamal A. Taha


This paper examines the role and significance of Interpersonal language meta-function in understanding and constructing language use and functions among language users in a business context in English and Central-Kurdish languages. In analyzing entrepreneurs’ public speeches, the researchers employ the descriptive and qualitative approach with the content analysis. The instrument used in this study is to examine the qualitative exploratory data among entrepreneurs’ public speech in business discourse in English and Central-Kurdish. The paper attempts to answer the following questions; What is the dominant mood type among the entrepreneurs in English and Central-Kurdish in business discourse? How does the use and selection of the personal pronoun by entrepreneurs in English and Central-Kurdish influence the interpersonal meta-function? and lastly, What are the frequency and occurrence of Attitudinal mode in the public speech of entrepreneurs concerning Type and possible Polarity? The findings show the information about the distribution of the results in regard to the mood types, the use and selection of personal pronouns and the frequencies of each attitudinal mode in an entrepreneur’s public speech in English and Central Kurdish quantitatively. The study reveals that the prominent type of mood is declarative mood, besides the use and selection of the Personal Systems play a significant role in which the speaker expresses his attitude, influence and maintaining friendship and intimacy with the audience. The dominant personal pronoun is first personal system and the positive Affect mode exceeds other attitudinal modes both in English and Central-Kurdish.



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How to Cite
Shekhani, H. A. and Taha, J. A. (2023) “Halliday’s Interpersonal Meta-function Analysis of Entrepreneur’s Public Speech in English and Central Kurdish: A Comparative Study ”, Koya University Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 6(1), pp. 22-31. doi: 10.14500/kujhss.v6n1y2023.pp22-31.
Author Biographies

Hawsar A. Shekhani, English Department, Faculty of Education and Language, Charmo University, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Hawsar A.Shekhani

My name is Hawsar Shekhani. I am an English instructor in the Ministry of Education, teaching the English language in the Koya Physical Education Institute. I am an MA student in General Linguistics in Charmo University. College of Education and Language, Kurdistan Region, F.R. Iraq. I hold a BA degree in English Language and Literature. I am interested in Discourse Analysis and Functional Grammar.


Jamal A. Taha, Department of English Language, College of Basic Education, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Jamal A. Taha
I am Jamal Anwar Taha I have PhD in Applied Linguistics(Corpus Linguistics) in
University of Sulaimani-Sulaimani-Iraq. In 2014 I got Fulbright Certificate in
Applied Linguistics which was organized by prestigious. I am a Fellowship of
Fulbright Program at Salem State University and Northeastern University/Salem and
In 2011 I got MA degree in English Linguistics – Theoretical Linguistics (specialized
in English Linguistics) at Koya University – Erbil - Iraq. In 2008 I studied my BA
degree in English Language and Literature at Koya University. I got my Diploma
degree in 2000 in Central Teachers’ Institute of Erbil - English Department. Another academic achievement is meeting Noam Chomsky for an hour in
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and we discussed linguistic theories,
language philosophy, international politics and the role of Kurds in the Middle East.




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