The Response to Individualism in Robinson Crusoe

Applied Study to Second Year Students DENL, FEDU, Koya University

Abstract

In this explorative study, the response to individualism in Robinson Crusoe as a character in the novel written by Daniel Defoe is scrutinized.  Over 40 participants in English Language Department took role while they were studying the novel in their full academic year. In conformity with data collection, pre-test and post-test were administered on the students using individualism inventory. Their opinions in both tests were analyzed using quantitative measures. The focus of the study is to determine if students get any lessons of life from the novel namely, Crusoe's lonely life on the island, and how they are going to apply it in their own real lives on the one hand. On the other, whether or not their attitudes get affected by the individual and solitude life Crusoe experienced. That is, their psychological status and self-awareness about their individual life and community as collective.  The findings confirm that students of English department on Faculty of Education were psychologically changed and have more appreciation of collective which is the community and their self-awareness as individuals. This suggests that novels provide not only knowledge chiefly related to language proficiency, but also psychological, social, and intellectual in the long run. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Ahmed A. Mohammad, Department of English Language, Faculty of Education, Koya University, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Mr. Ahmed was born in the Kirkuk in 1974.  He got his  BA from Translation Department, College of Arts, Al-Mustansrya University in 2004. He got his bath MA & Ph.D. from Koya University. Now he is head of Department of English Language at the Faculty of Education at Koya University.

Hawara N. Karim, Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Science and Health, Koya University, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Bsc in General Psychology/Koya University/ College of Education/ Department of Psychology. Msc in clinical psychology/ Koya University/ school of Health/ Clinical Psychology Department. Finished teacher training course in 2014-2015/ Koya University. Now, teaching in Clinical Psychology department since 2013.  

 

References

Burt, Daniel S., (2010)The Novel 100, Revised Edition. Facts on File. New York.
Defoe, Daniel. (1995). Robinson Crusoe. London: Puffin Books.
Hawthorn, Jeremy. (1986). Studying the Novel: An Introduction. New York: Routledge, Chapman and Hall.
Hobbes, Thomas. (1651). Leviathan. London. St. Pauls Church-yard, 1985.
Individualism. (Individualism - Liberalism And Individualism - Liberty, Hobbes, Natural, and Locke - JRank Articles). Retrieved online from (http://science.jrank.org/pages/9785/Individualism-Liberalism-Individualism.html#ixzz4yiaW89mZ) on 2-2-2018.
Locke, John (1690). Second Treatise of Government. England: Awnsham Churchill.
Merriam-Webster OD. Individualism. (2018). Retrieved online from http://www.merriam webster.com/help/faq/history.htm, on 12-01-2018.
Mouritz, Thomas. (2010). Comparing the Social Contracts of Hobbes and Locke, The Western Australian Jurist, Vol. 1.
Oztekin, Sercan. (2016). An Analysis of Individualism and Human Nature in Robinson Crusoe. International Journal of Humanities. Art and Social Studies (IJHAS), Vol. 1, No.1, August.
Parrinder, Patrick. (2006). Nation and Novel, The English Novel from its origins to the Present Day. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Richetti, John. (2005). The Life of Daniel Defoe: A Critical Biography. USA: Blackwell Publishing.
Triandis, H. C. & Gelfland, M. J. (1998). Converging measurement of horizontal and vertical individualism and collectivism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 118-128.
Watt, Ian. (1957). the Rise of the Novel. University of California. Berkeley, CA.
Wikipedia. John Locke. (2018). Retrieved online from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Locke, on 14-01-2018.
Published
2019-05-24
How to Cite
MOHAMMAD, Ahmed A.; KARIM, Hawara N.; AZEEZ, Rebin Abdulkadir. The Response to Individualism in Robinson Crusoe. Koya University Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 1, p. 124-130, may 2019. ISSN 2522-3259. Available at: <http://jhss.koyauniversity.org/index.php/jhss/article/view/41>. Date accessed: 08 dec. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.14500/kujhss.v2n1y2019.pp124-130.
Section
Articles