The Impact of An Epic Theater in The Kurdish Theater

Bertold Brecht as an Example


This research studies the theories of fiction theater by the famous German writer and director Bertolt Brecht. He could develop it as a type of drama theater, and it has become an independent school in the field worldwide. Also, many other directors have worked on this theory, and hundreds of studies have done in the theater institutions. There are many Ph.D. and master thesis regarding it. It also popular in Kurdistani and Arabic theater, and there are continuous works on it. In the Kurdish theater, it has popularity since the seventieth of the last century. That has made great impact on Kurdish participants. This is because, according to Brecht philosophy, the human rights and human tasks are in focus within fiction theater, which is an educational theater on the same time. In this type of theater odd phenomenon get concerned. There is not the fourth wall. In contrast, there is a direct contact between the actors and participants. This research consists of two main parts and some subordinates, conclusion and bibliography also included.


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Author Biographies

Kaify A. Abdulqader, Department of Kurdish Language, Faculty of Education, Koya University, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

Asst. Prof. Kayfi Abdulqadir was born in 1970 in Koya، and he is currently a lecturer at Koya University – Kurdish language department. He has graduated from Erbil institute for teachers in 1991، and he has awarded his bachelor at Koya University in 2008. His masters was in 2011، and it was about theater criticism. He has awarded his Ph.D. in the field of Kurdish folklore from the same university in 2016. He has published six articles about theater، novel and fiction in various scientific journals in KRG. He has three books about theater، and many writings in other journals like ‘Raman، Kekon، Kelturî Kurd، Tiyatir’ and in newspapers like ‘Kurdistanî Nwê، Xebat، Hizr û Huner، Sêber û Saye، Çawdêr، Rexney Çawdêr…etc’. Furthermore، some of his books and articles are ready to be published.

Zhilwan T. Bapir, Department of Cinema and Theater Arts, College of Fine Arts, Salahaddin University- Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Dr. Zhilwan Tahir was born in Erbil in 1966. He received BA in theatrical direction from the Department of Theater in College of Arts، University of Baghdad. He is the member of founding board of Fine Arts Institute in Erbil، and the member of founding board of Kurdistan Artists Syndicate. In 2010، he received MA in theatrical production from the College of Fine Arts، University of Salahaddin. In 2017، he received Ph.D. in artistic techniques in theater and cinema from the College of Fine Arts، University of Salahaddin through a joint postgraduate program with the University of Amman، Jordan. He currently teaches at the Department of Theater and Cinema، College of Fine Arts، University of Salahaddin in Erbil


كتێبى كوردی:

سالار، ئه‌حمه‌د، ١٩٩٩، شانۆی سالار، هه‌ولێر، چاپخانه‌ی رۆشنبیری، ل ٣٩٢.

هه‌وارامی، حه‌مه‌ كه‌ریم، ٢٠٠١، درامای كوردی له‌ناو درامای جیهاندا، هه‌ولێر، ده‌زگای چاپ وبڵاوكردنه‌وه‌ی ئاراس، ل ٢٨٧، ٢٨٩، ٩٩٠.


حاجی، مه‌غدید، ١٩٩٨، یادی سه‌د ساڵه‌ی (پرتۆڵد برێخت)، هه‌ولێڕ، گۆڤاری رامان، ژماره‌ (٢٢) ، ل ١٠٣.

محمد، محسن، ٢٠٠١، مێژووی شانۆی كوردی، هه‌ولێر، گۆڤاری رامان، ژماره‌ (٥٨)، ل ٢٦.

كتێبى عەرەبى:

بريخت، برتولد، ١٩٨٦، النظرية السياسية والممارسة الادبية، ترجمة. كامل يوسف حسين، بغداد، وزارة الثقافة والاعلام، دار الشؤن الثقافية العامة، ص٥١.

بريخت، برتولد، بدون تاريخ، نظرية المسرح الملحمي، عالم المعرفة، بيروت، ص٢٣٠.

بنتلي، اريك، ١٩٧٥، نظرية المسرح الحديث، ت. يوسف عبدالمسيح ثروت، بغداد، دار الشؤن الثقافة العامة، ص٩١، ٩٣، ٩٥، ٩٦.

حمداوي، جميل، ٢٠٠١، الاخراج المسرحي، الشارقة، الهيئة العربية للمسرح، ص٦٠.

الشرقاوي، جلال، ٢٠٠٢، الاسس في التمثيل وفن الاخراج المسرحي، القاهرة، مطابع الهيئة المصرية للكتاب، ص٢١٧، ٢١٨، ٢١٩، ٢٢٠.

صلحيه، نيهاد، ١٩٩٧، تيارات المسرحية المعاصرة، القاهرة، الهيئة المصرية العامة للكتاب، ص١٦٥.

طاهر، زيلوان، ٢٠١٠، الاتجاهات الاخراجية وأثرها في العرض المسرحي الكوردي، اربيل، رسالة ماجستير، جامعة صلاح الدين، ص١٤، ١٥.

كلوفين، فكتور، ١٩٧٢، ترجمة. عزيز جواد، مجلة المسرح والسينما، عدد (٦)، ص٣٠.


مسوخ، احمد، ٢٠٠٧، اتجاهات في المسرح الاوروبي المعاصر، القاهرة، الهيئة المصرية العامة للكتاب، امة للكتاب، ص١٠٣.

الياس، ماري وقصاب، حنان، ١٩٩٧، المعجم المسرحي، مكتبة لبنان ناشرون، بيروت، ص١٣٩، ١٤٠، ٤٥١، ٤٥٨.
How to Cite
ABDULQADER, Kaify A.; BAPIR, Zhilwan T.. The Impact of An Epic Theater in The Kurdish Theater. Koya University Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 2, p. 32-38, dec. 2019. ISSN 2522-3259. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 07 july 2020. doi: